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lOfMBSB. 1982 

IOI0 SCHMEKELj L-.5 1982 

10116 GAULINs GARY R.? I980[10-1j 

ANGEL OHTEA RATO, Noveaber-Decesiber, I98I 

JESUS ANGEL; 1982131 


February 27? 1981 

10120 EMERSOM/ WILLIM K,% i982[7-13] 


] DEL 

10121 MILLEN, SAMDRA V.| 19tt2i 

10122 McLEAM, NORMAN & DAVID PORTER, July 13j 

July 13, 1982 

10124 SLEEPER, HOWARD L., July 13, 1982 

10125 BERTSCH. HANS? JOHNSON, SCOTT; 1982[7-13 

10126 LONG, STEVEH J., July 1i, 1932 

10127 RUDMAN, W.B., 1973a 

10128 RUDMAH, W>3., 1973b 

10129 RUDMAN, W.B., 1974 

10130 RODMAN, W,B., 1977 
.10131 RUDMANj W.B., 1978a 

10132 RUDMAN, "W.B., 1973b 

10133 RUDMAN, W.B,, 198la 
1Q134 RUDMAN, W,B., 1Q8lb 
10135 RUDMAN, W.3., 198lc 

10200 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1937b 

10201 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1938 

10202 ENGEL, HENDRIK| 1939a 

10203 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1939b 

10204 ENGEL5 HEMDRIK: 1940a 

10205 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 19^1 

10206 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1942b 

10207 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 19^5 

10208 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1946 

10209 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1947-1954 

10210 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1947-1955 

10211 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1950 

10212 ENGEL, HENDRIK 2 1954 

10213 EMGEL, HENDRIK; 1955 

10214 ENGEL, HENDRIK; 1959 


10216 ENGEL, HENDRIK; VAN ElEKEN, C.J=; 1962 

10217 ENGEL, HENDRIK; VAN DER FESN, PcJ.; 1964a 


9 « # » » 


I need soie-s solid input as to forrnat and 
content for the Opisthobranch newsletter. The 
current two column format with seven lines per 


f'srt.lcal and 3«7" coluians seerns to oc 

good mix of readability and data compaction. If 
anyone has any suggestions or coranaents, please 
feel free. I will occasionally use a different 
format for special material- 

The two lists given recently should assist 
you locating information, I want to make therr. 
core useful and accurate. Please help! v^orjie 
of the material included in past issues of the 
newsletter is li it it tiiov: 

1. Number to author lists? (1979 and 1982) 
list almost all of the existing citation nujubera 
for Ooisthcbranch citations. 



cij^-.bions appearing 
to about June, 1978. 

3» Address lists: (Published about once per 
year) list best currently known address for _ 
individuals and institutions interested in 

4. ON Citation Niunber to ON VoluiEe Index: 
(1982) lists page numbers where best available 
citations appear in the ON or in Iijdex 

5. Taxon Index? (1981) lists all known 
ooistho branch taxa. 

6. ON lUustration^ Index; (1982) lists all 
illustrations which have appeared in the 
Opisthobranch newsletter. 

Ail. of the lists above will be continued and 
updated. Some are so voluiainous as to preclude 
reprinting in the OK, The lists which are too 
large will be printed in segments in the ON 
issues and avaJ.lable as supplements from the 
editor. I may orint thea as a volume of the ON 

every live yea 

7^?= {\-n 

X seems li.Ke a 


I would rather use the soace for short 

papers, personal notes, current events, new 
citations, and so on. 

One list which I want to change is the Taxon 
Index (nuffiber 5 above). I would like to print a 
List arranged systematically by current 
standards and reprint the list every year or so 
aa significant changes take place. To do triis, 
I will need at least three specialists to help 
(I siiSply don't have the time or knowledge to do 
a proper job). I would like the list to include 
all levels of Opisthobranchia with the source 
reference listed along with any applicable ICZN 
rulings. Thd.s list could also include published 
range information. Please send comments on 
tfiis idea. Is it possible? 

Two additional lists are planned (preparation 
in progress ~- slowly }j 

1. Species indexs to List all baxa by genus- 
species and species, genus combiriations giving 
all possible references to citation mambers. 
This will also include hj.gher-level names. 

2. Subject index; to list subjects and 
references to citation numbers. I will 
appreciate any inputs for subject categories. 

Please send ideas for additional lists which 
you believe are important for the ON. Some 


. O ** i^ -'* Vh y^ • : ^^ ^^ ""^ v.- '~*, T\ r- 

)e loca 


Keys by region or to major classification; 
Museus type material holdings (some have 
already been listed); Photographic slide lists; 
Color illustration lists; Anatomical drawing 
lists (radulae?). 

The Opisthobranch Kewslett-er is almost 
complete for the fourteenth volume. It is still 
a constant battle to get Lnformation, typing 
equipment, printing equipment, and mailing time. 
I have reached a point where I cannot imagine 
not pubLisiiing the Opisthobranch newsletter for 
the rest of lay life* I am ,.0:, that there 
won't be e:<tended periods where publication is 
slovv -- I am sisiply saying that you can count 
on the OM arriving eventuallv. 


■"^'December, 1982 
Volume 14, 
Number 12 
Page 47 

r M Ci 

■»■ NAT. HIST. '^■S^ 

2 7FEB!984 


0„ _v / 



Aniaodoris nobilis (MacFarland, 1905) 
Drawing by James R. Lance 

» * » » » 

The Opisthobranch Newsletter is published 
by Steven J. Long, 359 Roycroft Ave, Long 
Beach, California 90814, USA. Telephone 
213-433-7148 (message recorder) or 439- 
2028. Subscription rates are $15.00 per 
calendar year for individuals and $17.50 
per calendar year for institutions. The 
Opisthobranch Newsletter is issued in 
parts at irregular intervals. 


Steve & Roberta 'Bobbie' Long were 
married on November 13» 1982. Some friends 
present included Pete & Sue Oringer, 
Howard Kat-zman, Don & Kathy Cadien, and 
Patrick LaFollette from the Opisthobranch 
group plus a number of family and friends. 

We wish all of our friends a merry 
Christmas and a happy new year. Please be 
certain to stop by or at least call if you 
are in the area. Between Christmas and New 
Year's day we will probably be in Eureka, 
California with the Oringers. 

From Kathe Jensen: "I have just 

returned to Florida after 3 months in 
Denmark. I attended the 2nd Franco- 
British Symposium on Malacology in London 
in September, where I presented 2 papers - 
- one on Elysia serca and one (co-authored 
with Kerry Clark) on the distribution of 
chloroplast symbiosis. I met a lot of 
interesting people and had a very good 
time. I spent almost a whole day with Tom 
Gascoigne trying to learn some of his 
extraordinary dissecting techniques. His 
eyesight is getting bad, so he has almost 
completely given up dissecting, but is still 
actively writing and gardening. 

I would like to volunteer to do the 
Taxon Index for Ascoglossa. My files ar-- 
in bad shape, but should be almost corn- 
up till 1977, when .1 suddenly got too : ...■,., 
to continue updating them. But now I have 
some spare time (between writing job 
applications), and would like to get my 
files reorganized and updated, and will, of 
course, share as soon as possible. 
Presently I do not have access to the ICZN 
publications, so that will have to wait till 
next time I visit the Copenhagen Museum 
(probably in March). My files consist of 
genus-species name, authority, substrate 
(if known), locality, and literature 
reference. Please let me know if you want 
any other data included -- which may take 
some time, as some references are very 
hard to find. Also, I do not have a 
complete list of references with ON- 
numbers, so I will not be able to include 
these. I am enclosing a list of citations, 
which I compiled for my work on the 
toxicity of Mourgona germaineae, and which 
I do not think have appeared in ON." [Your 
offer is accepted! -- Editor] 

From Eveline Marcus: "I am trying to get 
some order into the Pleurobranchinae and 
Pleurobranchaeidae apart from 
Berthellinae. They have been the pest for 
all previous researchers, Bergh, 
Vayssiere, O'Donoghue, Odhner, Engel, and 
others complain, but no one finds a 
solution. I am afraid I will not either!" 

It seems that Dave Behrens is also 
working with an Alpha Micro computer 
system which may offer additional 
opportunities for information exchange. 
From Dave: "I have recently received ray 
'taxonomic list & Veliger Index' from Steve 
Long. To those of you who have not seen 
the list, I must tell you that I find it to 
be a very valuable and a great reference 
tool. A lot of effort went into the 
preparation of the list, as you will see, 
and I'm sure you'll find it quite useful." 

Mike Haberland has promised a report on 

his Isla La Guardia trip soon. 

From James R. Lance: "Whewh! A reply 
from Ortea (along with color pics and the 
like) shows me that his published 
Peltodoris nyarita is indeed not our 


handsome local member, but (and I'm still a 
little disappointed) is our good old 
standard, -many-gilled dorid' from the 
Nyarit coast. His generic assignment looks 
good but I'll never understand why authors 
don't refer to the original generic 
characteristics (in this case Bergh, 
I88Q)." [Jim has offered to review Kandel, 
1978 -- I would like to see it. I know the 
book is fantastic -- Editor] 

Terry Gosliner and family were visiting 
with Eveline Marcus in Brazil during early 
November. They are now back in Northern 
California for the Holidays. The October 
issue of the ASC NEWSLETTER has a job 
listing for a Curatorial Assistant under 
Terry at Cal Acad. 

Jim Lance will be going to the Caribbean 
in either very early December or in early 
January to isolate Zooxanthellae from a 
certain gorgonian. 

From Hans Bertsch: "Have two papers 
coming out in Dec. -Jan., one of which is 
titled, 'Estudios de ecosistemas bentonicos 
a lo largo de la costa noroccidental de 
Baja California, Mexico: Distribucion y 
presa de varios invertebrados marines.' 
More on those and other goodies later. 

* * * * * 


The numeric sequence list from the last 
is.'^ue included just over I6OO citations -- 
all of which are in the computer. As of 
November 20th, I have had all of the 
earlier 6000 'citation number -- author, 
date' IBM cards read into floppy disk and 
converted to my computer format. All are 
added to the main citation list and to the 
numeric list and the author list. 

One list which I did not suggest last 
issue is a "systematic" list. Right now, I 
do not even know how to format it -- let 
alone how to arrange it. Your suggestions 
are very welcome. 

I discussed what has been previously 
printed in the ON on page 46 of the 
November issue. Here is an idea of what is 
currently available in printed form: 

1. Index to Opisthobranch Illustrations 
in ON - 3p. 

2. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia - 

3. Citation Number to ON Volume - Issue 
- Page - 7p. 

4. Systematic list (names only to genus - 
no authors ) - I6p. 

5. Alphabetical Taxon list (name, author, 
date) - I6p. 

6. Taxon index (all levels) - 62p. 

7. ON number list with author and date - 

8. Author ~ ON number list (in author 

order) ~ 31p. 

I keep each of these lists in a separate 
3-ring binder and update them as I go 
along. The current copy is always 
available at $.10 per page plus postage. 
If you want any of these lists I will mail 
it and bill you for the cost including 
postage. It takes a lot of ribbon, paper, 
and time to print out these lists so please 
make use of them and also send back some 
information to add to the next edition. 

Thanks to James R. Lance, David Behrens, 
Kathe Jensen, Eveline Marcus, Donald 
Cadien, Hans Bertsch, and Patrick 
LaFollette for information used in 
preparing this issue of the ON. 


From David Behrens: Range Extension: 
Olea hansineensis San Clemente Island, 
California, northern end in 80' water on 
sandy mud bottom. Collectors: Ron McPeak 
and David Mulliner. Animal 6.5ram in length. 
Previous southern range limit - San Juan 
Island, Washington - Sandra Millen (1930). 

From Eveline Marcus: "There i-s not much 
to tell. I am unhappy with the state of the 
Pleurobranchidae, which I am trying to 
begin with a lot of preserved specimens. 
That would not be so bad, if the state of 
the previous descriptions and synonymy was 
better, but it is almost hopeless. Some 
split and describe 'new' species 
insufficiently, only from the outside, 
often not even radula and jaw plates, and 
rarely do they try to justify the name of 
their material, by comparing it with 
previous descriptions. I think, some 
examples might ornament the News Letter: 

Bergh, 1900, p. II8, pX the end of the 
description of a species from Chatham 

'The specimens SEEM to belong to the 
Pleurobranchus aurantiacus occurring in 
the Mediterranean and East and West 
Atlantic. This is PROBABLY AGAIN one of 
the POSSIBLY MANY widely distributed 
Opisthobranchs.' (the CAPITALS are mine). 

Of two later authors I don't want to give 
the names: 

1) 'It must be emphasized that the external 
features are among the MOST RELIABLE of 
all for Pleurobranch taxonomy.' and: 

2) 'Jeffreys rightly observed that the 
outer features are of LITTLE OR, RATHER, 
NO VALUE for distinguishing the species; 
but as we now know, he was wrong in giving 
P. porosa, P. perforatus, and P. 
aurantiacus (among others) as synonyms of 
P. plumula.' 

Others, like old Jeffreys, lump; in some 
cases the synonymy of one old species 
contains four genera and up to six 
specific names. 

If the descriptions were detailed to: 


outside, gill, jaws, radula, and 
reproductive organs, and the discussion 
mentioned the differences or likenesses, 
that would help. But old Bergh in Siboga in 
the Pleurobranchidae, of ten new species, 
says nothing" whatever in three and in the 
other 7 always: 'SEEMS to be different from 
the others'. At least he gave descriptions 
and figures of shell (measured only the 
remaining calcification, not the preserved 
cuticle) and the radula and jaw platelets, 
which are quite often sufficiently 

The only thing I can do, is to describe 
and figure my specimens thoroughly, and 
then to give them a traditional or a new 
name, and to say, why!" -- Eveline Marcus 


Section F of the 15th Pacific Science 
Congress will be held in Dunedin, New 
Zealand, February 1-11, 1983. Main topic is 
coral reefs. For information contact: 
Elliot W, Dawson, Pacific Science Congress, 
New Zealand Oceanographic Institute, P.O. 
Box 12-346, Wellington North, New Zealand, 


Dr. Hans Bertsch 

416 W. San Ysidro Blvd. K-229 

San Ysidro, CA 92073 

(new mailing address) 

Mr. Brad Carte 
9260 Regents Road 
La Jolla, CA 92037 

Lin Guangyu 

Institute of Oceanology, 

Academia Sinica 

7 Nan-Hai Road, Tsingtao 

People's Republic of China 

Florence McAlery 
(need address) 

Dr. Norman McLean 
Department of Zoology 
San Diego State University 
San Diego, CA 92182 

Drs. Paula and Paula Mikkelsen 
Harbor Branch Foundation, Inc. 
RR 1, Box 196 
Fort Pierce, FL 33450 

I Stephanie Prince 
(need street address) 
Laguna Niguel, CA 

Samuel B. Spaulding 
1167 Tyndall St. 

Santa Ynez, CA 93460 

Mr. Gale G. Sphon 

Los Angeles County Museum Natural Flistory 

900 Exposition Blvd. 

Los Angeles, CA 90007 


Marilyn Switzer-Dunlap 

Pacific Biomedical Research Center 

Kewalo Marine Lab., 

University of Hawaii 

Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 


Dennis L. Taylor 
University of Maryland 
(need rest of address) 

Thomas E. Thompson 
Dept. of Zoology 
University College 
Cardiff, Wales, Great Britain 

Richard K. Trench 

Department of Biological Sciences 

and The Marine Science Institute 

University of California 

Santa Barbara, CA 9310O 


David K. Young 
Department of Zoology 

University of South Florida 
Tampa, FL 33620 

Prof. L.A. Zenkevich 
Moscow State University 
Biological Fac. Chair. 
Invertebrate Zoology 
Leninskie Gory 
Moscow, W-234', U.S.S.R. 


JOHNSON, SCOTT: Living Seashells. Oriental 
Publ. Co., Honolulu, HI, 117pp. 

Scctt has produced another beautiful 
book (the last was with Hans Bertsch - 
Hawaiian Nudibranchs) . This guide 
features over 285 fantastic color 
photographs, all of living mollusca -- 
gastropods through chitons. Fabulous 
photos; the man definitely knows how to 
handle his camera. The text is short. As 
one might expect the book heavily samples 
Cypraea or the cowries and Scotts photos 
certainly sell them as the shelled 
majestrates of the sea. Also featured in 
this text are 15 opisthobranch species 
(Aplysia parvula, Stylocheilus longicaudus, 
Ombrachulum sinicum (sic), Berthella sp. 1 
& sp. 2, Chromodoris elisabethina, 
Hypselodoris auatralis, ChroEodorid sp. 1, 
2, 3» 4, 5 & 6, Gymnodoris sp., and 
Analogium striatum). Nice job Scott. 
Highly recommended. 


HAHAiMN, PAUL: Ocean Realm Guide to Reef 
Creatures : Marine Invertebrates. Ocean 
Realm Publ. Corp., Miami, FL, 30 pp. 

A very nice general survey of marine 
invertebrates worldwide. Printed similar 
to a high quality magazine, this books 
skips from scientific to popular quite 
without reason. The photography is very 
good and coverage, although cursory, 
includes both tropical and temperate 
species. The book is organized 
phyllogeneticaliy and includes 5 
opisthobranchs (Tridachia crispata, 
Hermissenda crassicornis, pleurobranchid 
sp. (Galapagos), Aplysia dactylomela, 
unidentified dorid (Palau)). 

COLEMAN, NEVILLE: Shells Alive. Rigby Publ. 
Lmtd., London, 96 pp. 

This is the latest in Neville's prolific 
series of highly illustrated marine life 
books. This book has striking similarities 
to Scott Johnson's Living Seashells, but 
mixes black and white with its high quality 
color plates and has considerably more 
text. The chapters center on such 
features as: composition, form, color, 
growth, and then follow with a review of 
classes. Fourteen species of 
opisthbranchs are featured ( Hexabranchus 
flammulatus, Nembrotha sp., Hydatina 
physis, Umbraculuai umbraculum, 
Pleurobranchus sp., Aplysia sp., Gymnodoris 
ceylonica, Chromodoris sp. 1, sp. 2, 
Notodoris gardineri, Phestila 
melanobranchia, Coryphella sp., 
Hypselodoris bennetti, Melibe mirifica). 

Thanks to Dave Behrens for the 3 
reviews above. 


10200-10218 USED ALREADY. 

10121 BERTSCH, HANS 198l» Rectification 
of the Generic Placement of Sclerodoris 
tanya (Marcus, 1971), comb, nov., a 
Nudibranch from southern California, with 
a Range Extension to the Gulf of 
California, Mexico. VELIGER, 23(3):217- 
220; figs. 1-7; tbls. 1-2 [January 1; 

02373 WALTON, C.L. 1913* The Shore Fauna 
of Cardigan Bay. JOURN. MAR. BIOL. ASSOC. 
PLYMOUTH, (N.S,), 10(1)102-112 [November] 

08761 RUPPELL, E.; LEUCKART, F.S. 1828 
DELETE, SEE 01968* 

10136 WINNER, BEA 1982* Observations 
Made of Bulla striata. OF SEA AND SHORE, 
12(3):136-137, figs. 1-8 [November] 

10137 PRINCE, STEPHANIE 1982* Tidepool' 
Observations. OF SEA AND SH0R2, 12(3):172, 
6 figs. [November] 

10138 KANDEL, ERIC R. 1979. Behavioral 
Biology of Aplyisa. (A Contribution to the 
Comparative Study of Opisthobranch 

Francisco, California, i-xiii, 1-463» figs. 
1-1 to 10-5, tbls. 1-1 to 8-1. [life drawings 
by Darwen & Vally Hennings] 

10139 ANDERSEN, R.J.; SUM, F.W.* 1980* 
Farnesic acid glycerides from the 
nudibranch Archidoris odhneri. 

1982* Localization of a circadian 
pacemaker in te eye of a mollusc, Bulla. 
SCIENCE, 217(4555):155-157, 2 text figs. [9 

10141 BRANDLEY, B.K. I98I* Ultrastructure 
of the envelope of Codium australicum 

(Silva) chloroplasts in the alga and after 
aquisition by Elysia maoria (Powell). NEW 
PHYTOL., 89:679-686. 

FINER, J.; CLARDY, J. 1975* 9- 
isocyanopupukeanane, a marine invertebrate 
allomone with a new sesquiterpene skeleton. 
J. AM. CHEM. SOC, 97:4763-4764. 

10143 FENICAL, W.; SLEEPER, H.L. 1977* 
Navenones A-C: trail-breaking alarm 
pheroraones from the marine opisthobranch 
Navanax inermis. J. AM. CHEM. SOC, 

10144 FUHRMAN, F.A.; FUHRMAN, G.J.; 
DeRIEMER, K. 1979* Toxicity and 
pharmacology of extracts from dorid 
nudibranchs. BIOL. BULL., 156:289-299. 

10145 HAWES, C.R. 1979* Ultrastructural 
aspects of the symbiosis between algal 
chloroplasts and Elysia viridis. NEW 
PHYTOL., 83:445-450. 

10146 HAWES, C.R.; COBB, A.H. I98O* The 
effects of starvation on the symbiotic 
chloroplasts in Elysia viridis: a fine 
structural study. NEW PHYTOL., 84:375-379. 

S.; ARNOLD, E.; CLARDY, J. 1981* Luteone, a 
twenty three carbon terpenoid from the 
dorid nudibranch Cadlina luteomarginata. 

10143 HELLOU, J.; ANDERSEN, R.J.; 
THOMPSON, J.E. 1982* Terpenoids from the 
dorid nudibranch Cadlina luteomarginata. 
TETRAHEDRON, 38:1875-1879. 

This is the last page of the last issue of 
Volume 14 of the Opisthobranch Newsletter. 


January, I9S3 (March) 
Volume 15, 
Number 1 
Page 1 




Oxynoe viridis (Pease, I86I) 

Drawing by K. Baba 

( Juvenile ; tail regenerating ) 

The Opisthobranch Newsletter is published by Steven J. Long, 559 Roycroft Ave, Long Bea: 
California 908l4, USA. Telephone 213-433-7^48 (message recorder) or 439-2028. 
Subscription rates are $15.00 per calendar year for individuals and $17.50 per calendar 
year for institutions. The Opisthobranch Newsletter is issued in 12 parts each year. 

* S Jr * 


From Dr. K. Baba: "I have been silent to many of my friends. Kindly excuse me for it but 
I was trying to finish ny study program of m.any of the opisthobranch forms of Japan, more 
or less satisfactorily for some species and less so for some others. I hope to prepare 
MS of papers before long." , ' ' 

Congratulations to Jeff & Marsha Hamman on the 'birth of their daughter 
January 4, 1983. 

Elita Hamman on 

From Eveline Marcus (Nov. 24, 1982): "I received a copy of : Luise Schmekel & A. Portmann 
(he died a short time ago) 1982, Opisthobranchia des Mittelm,eeres, Nudibranchia und 
Saccoglossa. - Fauna e Flora del C-olfo di Napoli. No. 40, Monografia della Stazione di 
Napoli. (Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1982. ) 410pp., 36 pis, and lots of 
text figures (v.'ith such a double numbering, that one can't count them). 

It treats T27 species, 14 new, 65 new for Naples. It is intended to be used also by 
amateurs, most of the species descriptions have an English part (I don't know why the 
first species has none). There are 40 pp of general facts, key geography, anatomy, 
embryology, phylogeny; the rest are the families and species. Eighteen coloured plates, 
plus 11 v;ith teeth, 7 with reproductive organs. I don't knov; the price, I think it is over 

Now I' am beginning to find my way through the Pleurobranchidae. . They are in a terrible 
state of incomplete descriptions, and synonym.isations v;ithout justifications. I v.-ill 
restrain myself to those that have the characters I think indespensable. But the 
distribution can't be given. Even the names, when the animals are fully described later 
than their first naming, do not mean that the first find is really the same species.... Even 
the genera are not sure, in the synonymies of one species often 4 different genera. Poor 

I had an extremely good visit of Terry Gosliner and family, it was only too short, but I 
could shovs' them the Iguacfi-Falls, though those don't have any relations to opisthos. 
Neither had -the ptJJVclad turbellarian that I had to classify, from Calif ornian oysters. 

For the rest I am getting old and forgetful, but I hope to be able to continue my 
'Catalogue dt^ the 'Western Atlantic Warm Water Opisthobranchs'. The Pleurobranchidae are 
about the -l^gh'-''"^ '^-^^talLment. But v;hen they will be readv fo'^ nress, I really can't see